ORAL CARE FOR PET DOGS

ORAL CARE FOR PET DOGS
Bad breath in pet dogs is a problem that every owner has encountered at one time or another. Bad breath is usually not life-threatening to a pet dog, but it is indicative of an underlying dental disease that requires early intervention and medical treatment by the owner, as well as maintaining a clean routine. This article will explain the countermeasures for dental disease in pet dogs.

 Abstract.

 Bad breath in pet dogs is usually the result of dental disease. Common dental diseases found clinically in pet dogs include dental calculus, tooth fracture and gingivitis, which are caused by the formation of food debris, epithelial cell shedding and saliva interactions. Dental diseases in pet dogs are very rapidly infected and even threaten the entire mouth. Plaque is difficult to remove, its texture is very soft and cannot be easily removed even by normal tongue movements and drinking water, plaque accumulates over time to form tartar and covers the gum area, leading to various dental diseases.

 PET DOGS

1 Basic knowledge of dental diseases in pet dogs

Animals begin to grow sharp baby teeth in the middle of 3~5 weeks of age, according to the survey, there are 28 baby teeth in total, and when they grow to the fourth month, the permanent teeth gradually grow, there are 42 permanent teeth in dogs, generally for pets, small pets are more likely to suffer from dental diseases than large pets. In addition, pets with active and excited personalities use their teeth frequently, which can increase the degree of wear and tear on the teeth and lead to serious fractures.

 2 Basic disease analysis

Bacteria breed around the teeth and their surfaces, and during frequent feeding, tartar can secrete an enzyme that causes inflammation of the gums, and further lesions develop into periodontitis. These viruses can also cause dental diseases due to unprofessional feeding, resulting in a lack of calcium, phosphorus and other organic substances in the feed in disproportionate proportions, which can even cause systemic diseases in pet dogs. In the process of pet dog breeding, the owner will pull objects when playing games with the pet dog in order to train the pet dog, sometimes the force is too much, and due to the limited force that the pet dog's teeth can withstand, it will lead to severe pain in the teeth, which can easily lead to loosening of the tooth bed and gums, and induce dental and other diseases.

 3 Clinical symptoms

Pet dog dental disease is one is based on changes in appearance, check whether the pet has a bad taste in the mouth, salivation and other symptoms, check whether there are dental stains and plaque on the teeth, and whether the gums bleed. The second is to analyze according to the eating situation. When the pet has an appetite but eats soft and liquid food, it is time to focus on the health problems of the pet dog. If you are afraid to chew the food when eating liquid food, you may have dental type disease; if the appetite decreases, non-stop secretion of saliva, the state of blood in the saliva, and even accompanied by convulsions and spasms, sudden weight loss, etc., you may have serious dental disease.

 4 Infection change of disease

Pet dogs in dental diseases occur when the molars will generally be examined first, molar incidence is higher, gently rubbed with forceps at the tooth pain, will produce intense pain, the only way to reduce the pain of the teeth only until the teeth are loose and fall off will be relieved, if not handled properly, it will be infected with pus, causing local facial swelling in pets, at this time must be sent to the veterinary hospital, handled by a professional veterinarian.

 5 Common dental diseases in pet dogs and treatment

5.1 Dental calculus
This disease is caused by the long-term consumption of soft food meat in canine pets, the friction between food and teeth decreases, resulting in a decrease in chewing ability, food residues stick to the inner walls of the mouth, the inner walls of the teeth attached to food residues calcified to form calculus attached to the tooth surface. The solution to this symptom requires an understanding of the causes and shape of calculus, which is yellowish or dark brown in color and can lead to bad breath, bleeding gums and periodontitis. The manifestation behavior of the pet is symptoms such as poor appetite and sudden weight loss, and dental calculus needs to be treated in a specialized hospital. Treatment of calculus requires ultrasonic scaling, which operates without touching the gums for a long time to avoid causing secondary injury to the gums. After cleaning one side of the teeth, the pet needs to change the side of the bonding, and then the other side of the teeth cleaning, while cleaning the teeth may have loose teeth, the loose teeth will be pulled out, and then disinfected with professional sterilization apparatus. After cleaning the teeth, it is necessary to use professional toothpaste for aftercare of the teeth. In addition, before cleaning the teeth, the animal should be anesthetized, and before the anesthesia is lifted, it should be carefully determined whether the residual calculus in the animal's oral cavity is completely eliminated, and the animal should be conditioned with medication, such as amoxicillin metronidazole orally, and avoid eating only a single food every day, and eat rough food every day to clean the teeth by friction.
5.2 Gingivitis
This is a dental infection caused by dental calculus and foreign bodies in the lining of the mouth in the follow-up. If left untreated, it can lead to viral infection affecting the kidneys and inducing kidney disease, etc. Clinical studies have found that pet dogs with gingivitis will exhibit anorexia, slow swallowing of food, excessive saliva secretion with bad breath and congested, red and swollen gums. Depending on the system of each pet, some will cause chronic gingivitis, which can lead to gum atrophy and degeneration, which needs to be analyzed according to the specific condition.
Gingivitis in pet dogs must be referred to a professional veterinarian or a vet with surgical qualifications for treatment. Secondary infections such as dental calculus and foreign bodies need to be treated with local anesthesia in the mouth, clean up foreign bodies and check for foreign body infections, disinfect with disinfectant water, and suture the wound and deal with necrotic tissue; if the root of the tooth is damaged, the necrotic tooth should be crushed and then filled, along with medication with amoxicillin metronidazole applied to the affected area, feeding some softer food, broth or liquid food, etc., with appropriate addition of drugs to resist ascorbic acid in the food to help the wound heal.

 6 Prevention of dental diseases in pet dogs

Should regularly go to the veterinary clinic for examination, and to promptly clean and deal with tartar and calculus and other food residues in the oral cavity wall, use oral cleansers, but also often train the pet dog to bite the ability to play with animals should be trained to chew gum and toys, exercise teeth, help self-care to remove dirt. Due to the high density of bone, easy to cause damage to the teeth, it is best not to use, regular use of pet toothbrush for pet dogs, keep the mouth clean, when the pet appears uncomfortable symptoms should promptly go to the veterinary hospital for examination, after a period of time the pet dog's bad breath problem can be solved it.

 7 Pet dog dental care strategy method

Brush your pet's teeth in a gradual manner. The owner first uses his fingers to gently massage the surface of the pet's teeth, not too long each time, in order to let the pet become familiar with the feeling. If the pet is already familiar with it, the owner can put gauze on the finger and dip it in pet toothpaste to clean the dog's teeth. Initially, brush only the outside of the teeth, and then clean the inside of the teeth when the pet becomes familiar with it. In addition, do not use human toothpaste to brush your pet's teeth. The ingredients in human toothpaste can be irritating to your pet's digestive tract and the foam produced can cause discomfort leading to vomiting.


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